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Error messages in MDX SELECT statements and what they mean – SSMS

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Anyone that has tried to learn MDX will know that, when you make a mistake somewhere in your code, the error messages that Analysis Services gives you are pretty unhelpful. It was suggested to me recently while I was teaching an MDX course that I should blog about common error messages and what they actually mean; so here’s a list of a few example queries using Adventure Works that return confusing errors, the error messages themselves, and details on how to solve the problems. I’ve deliberately concentrated on query-related errors rather than calculation-related errors (that can be a future blog post); if you can think of any more errors that I should cover please leave a comment.

1) Query causing error:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount]} ON COLUMNS  [Date].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

Error message: Query (3, 1) Parser: The syntax for ‘[Date]’ is incorrect.

The first step to solving this fairly simple syntax error is understanding the values in brackets in the error message. (3,1) indicates that the error is at character 1 on the third line of the query, where we have the expression [Date].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS; we should also see a red squiggly underneath this text in SQL Management Studio. There’s nothing wrong with this expression though, apart from the fact that it’s in the wrong place: what has happened is that we’ve forgotten to include a comma after COLUMNS immediately beforehand. If we put one in, the query runs.

Solution:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount]} ON COLUMNS,  [Date].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

2) Query causing error:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount]} ON COLUMNS, [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS.CHILDREN ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

Error message: Query (3, 1) The CHILDREN function expects a member expression for the 1 argument. A tuple set expression was used.

This is a very common error that people encounter while learning MDX, and it all comes down to understanding the difference between sets, tuples and members. In a lot of situations Analysis Services is very forgiving: if it expects a set and you give it a single member, then it will cast that member into a set with one item in it for example. It can’t do this for you all the time, though, and you do need to understand what kind of object each function returns and/or expects for a parameter. In this case, the problem is that the .CHILDREN function needs to be passed a member and the .MEMBERS function returns a set (strictly speaking, as the error says, it’s a set of tuples); therefore we can’t use the two functions together. If we want to find all of the children of all years, we can use the DESCENDANTS function instead, which can accept a set as its first parameter.

Solution:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount]} ON COLUMNS, DESCENDANTS( [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS , [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Semester]) ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

3) Query causing error:

SELECT [Measures].[Internet Sales Amount], [Measures].[Internet Tax Amount] ON COLUMNS, [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

Error message: Parser: The statement dialect could not be resolved due to ambiguity.

Analysis Services supports no less than three query languages: MDX, DMX and a very limited subset of SQL. As a result, when you run a query it needs to work out what query language you’re using and can easily get confused if you make a mistake. In the query above we’ve given a list of the two measures we want to see on the columns axis, but we’ve forgotten to surround this list in braces to turn it into a set – and it’s a set that is required for the axis definition. This is an error that is commonly made by people with a background in SQL, and indeed the problem here is that the error has made the query look a bit too much like SQL or DMX. Putting in braces where they’re needed fixes the problem and removes the ambiguity.

Solution:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount], [Measures].[Internet Tax Amount]} ON COLUMNS, [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

4) Query causing error:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount1], [Measures].[Internet Tax Amount]} ON COLUMNS, [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

Error message: Query (2, 2) The member ‘[Internet Sales Amount1]’ was not found in the cube when the string, [Measures].[Internet Sales Amount1], was parsed.

A fairly straightforward error this: we’ve tried to reference a member that doesn’t exist in our query – it’s the extra 1 on the end of the name that’s the problem. The way to avoid this is to always let Analysis Services generate unique names for you, and you can do this by dragging the member (or any other object) from the metadata pane in SQL Management Studio into the MDX query pane when you’re writing queries. Here, using the correct member unique name solves the problem.

Solution:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount], [Measures].[Internet Tax Amount]} ON COLUMNS, [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].MEMBERS ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

Note that for dimensions other than the Measures dimension, what happens in this scenario depends on how you’ve set the MDXMissingMemberMode property. By default if you write something that looks like it could be an MDX unique name, but which isn’t actually the unique name of a member on a hierarchy, Analysis Services will simply ignore it. So the following query returns nothing on rows because the year 2909 doesn’t exist in our Calendar hierarchy:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount], [Measures].[Internet Tax Amount]} ON COLUMNS, {[Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].&[2909]} ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

And worse, the in this query a genuine syntax error is completely ignored too:

SELECT {[Measures].[Internet Sales Amount], [Measures].[Internet Tax Amount]} ON COLUMNS, [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].MAMBERS ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works]

Categorias:Error Handling, Mdx
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